Which is the Best Bee?
What is Apis mellifera mellifera?Apis mellifera mellifera, Linnaeus 1758 is a subspecies and northern geographical race of Apis mellifera, the western honeybee.
It may be subdivided into many local ecotypes. Its various vernacular names include:
“Dark European Honeybee” (English),
“L’abeille noire” (French),
“Die dunkle Biene” (German) and
“Det mörka Nordiska Biet” (Swedish)
Apis mellifera mellifera is distinguished from other subspecies of the honey bee by:
a) Morphological characters, including colour, size, wing venation, abdominal hair length;
b) Genetic characters identifiable by DNA analysis;
c) Behavioural characters, including colony size and development, longevity, pollen collection.
The natural range of A.m.m. coincides with the 15-20° zone. (Copyright D.J.Pritchard).